In 1825 Khokand authorities established the fortress of "Pishpek" in order to control local caravan-routes and to collect tribute from Kyrgyz tribes.
On 4 September 1860, with the approval of the Kyrgyz, Russian forces led by Colonel Zimmermann destroyed the fortress.
This is a remote mountain lake situated on a treeless, high mountain plateau (3016 m) where shepherds bring the livestock in the summertime, set up yurts – round portable nomadic dwelling. After breakfast start sightseeing tour in Bishkek, the greenest city in Central Asia. Farewell lunch in one of the restaurants in Tashkent. Visit a UNESCO World Heritage site Ichan-Qala fortress. After breakfast depart Khiva and drive to Bukhara (480 km, 7-8 h.*).
In 1936, the city of Frunze became the capital of the Kirghiz Soviet Socialist Republic, during the final stages of the national delimitation in the Soviet Union.