Chen Yuansen stated that Mao Tse-tung, often depicted with an traditional Chinese oil-paper umbrella in the early portraits, might have used the umbrella as a secret society signal in his tour of the countryside where he organized peasants into over twenty so-called 'peasant associations', a form of organization that was built upon the experiences of secret societies.Mao Tse-tung was said to have launched the movement of "stopping the landlords from exporting of the grains and forcing the landlords into disposal of the grains to the local peasants at the discounted price".Mao Tse-tung, directly responsible for the rascal movement in Hunan Province in 1927, would be the red-handed culprit in the Purge of the Anti-Bolshevik League during 1930-1931, the Purge of the Trotskyites during 1937-1941, and The Rectification Movement during 1942-1945.Simply said, the CCP never stopped its bloody terror campaigns since inception in history, and its claws could be seen in the most recent crackdown on the Falungong practitioners.
The modern Chinese peasant movement was cradled in Haifeng, in the East River districts of Kwangtung, by Peng Pai, one of the most appealing figures of the Chinese revolution." Peng Pai, similar to Mao, was born in a landlord's family.
Wen Yu, in his 1994 book "" (Cosmos Books Ltd., ISBN 9622577164, 1994, HK), summarized the so-called 'leftist' catastrophe of the Chinese Communist Party from 1927 armed uprisings (mutinies) onward to the 1978 Xidan Democracy Wall. Sun Yat-sen, after the Sun-Joffe Joint Declaration, had fallen into a de facto Soviet agent, sowing the seeds of struggles and conflict between the KMT and the CCP as well as the disaster of the Chinese people in the 20th century.