The Georgia Gold Rush was the second significant gold rush in the United States and the first in Georgia, and overshadowed the previous rush in North Carolina.
It started in 1829 in present-day Lumpkin County near the county seat, Dahlonega, and soon spread through the North Georgia mountains, following the Georgia Gold Belt. Many Georgia miners moved west when gold was found in the Sierra Nevada in 1848, starting the California Gold Rush.
This was a testimony to the amount of gold being produced in Georgia.
The establishment of the Dahlonega Mint seemed to validate the state's actions in the early part of the century to seize Cherokee lands.
President Andrew Jackson authorized the Indian Removal Act in 1830, which would allow a take over of the gold mining areas among other places.
While the discovery in Georgia in 1828 was the event that led to what is called the "Georgia Gold Rush", there were reports of gold in the North Georgia Mountains much earlier.
Since the 16th century, American Indians in Georgia told European explorers that the small amounts of gold which they possessed came from mountains of the interior.
The Philadelphia Mint received 2,000 in gold from Georgia in 1830.
Other estimates were that in 1831 there were 6,000 to 10,000 miners between the Chestatee River and the Etowah River.
Boom towns like Auraria and Dahlonega began to appear.